When we talk about the Internet of Things, we will think about devices, like smartphones, watches, fridges, microwave oven, cars, TVs and others that can communicate with one another through the Internet. This will be a big thing because our society will become more like a true digital network. However, this technology will need triggers to become more widespread:
- Businesses will use IoT: Due to their financial resources and current digital-based operations, it’s easier for them to adopt IoT. Forklifts, trucks, containers, mannequins and other items could have IoT modules inserted to ease management and tracking. Sensors may also be added to these items to gain more data. As an example, digital thermometer and accelerometer could be placed in containers, if they have fragile products inside that could be damaged by extreme temperature or shocks.
- Devices will have voice ability: At the moment, smartphones and smart speakers offer integrated voice ability. Many of us have become acquainted with Apple’s Siri or Amazon’s Alexa. Voice ability could be natively added to cars, fridge, smartwatches and other devices. In the future, people could be more likely to purchase items with voice ability due to much higher usability. It could become a low-cost solution if voice ability is driven by cloud-based AI.
- Artificial Intelligence will manage and process information for IoT devices: In reality, IoT and Artificial Intelligence match really well. It takes an enormous amount of effort to manage billions of IoT devices. AI could manage IoT and provide relevant information to IoT end users. Computers need to have a human-like capability to analyze the mountains of data that are created in real time. Non-AI systems are less efficient in managing IoT because they are not adequately responsive to unexpected situations. IoT networks will become more complex and large, so we will become more reliant on machine learning and artificial intelligence.
- 5G Networks make it easier to implement IoT: We are in the early stage of migrating to 5G networks. 5G promises up to twenty times the speed of the current mobile networks. IoT network depends on fast data transfer and high reliability to work properly. 5G will make mobile networks much faster than cable networks and perhaps, equally reliable, depending on the existing infrastructure. When 5G networks become mature, they could allow the establishment of smart cities. As an example, city-wide autonomous, self-driving public transports can be implemented with the combination of IoT and 5G networks.